In May, Bayer went public with the news that it had offered to buy Monsanto. Today, the two companies announced they have agreed to a merger to create "a leading innovation engine for the next generation of farmers," officials announced at a press briefing.
The purchase price was listed at $128 per share, which would give Monsanto a valuation of about $66 billion. They said the share price offer represents a 44% premium for Monsanto shareholders, who will decide on the merger in late December or early January.
Related: Monsanto rejects Bayer’s bid
“Today’s announcement is a testament to everything we’ve achieved and the value that we have created for our stakeholders at Monsanto,” said Monsanto Chairman and CEO Hugh Grant. “We believe that this combination with Bayer represents the most compelling value for our shareowners, with the most certainty through the all-cash consideration.”
Officials for both companies said they will continue on separate paths until the sale closes, which is anticipated in late 2017, but that once that occurs they hope to achieve “synergies” of about $1.5 billion after year three of the process.
They also said they believe Monsanto’s seed and traits and Climate Corporation platforms will be a good fit for Bayer, which has some seed and trait products but has focused more on crop protection chemistries in recent years. Bringing the two companies together could also streamline the development of new herbicide-tolerant traits, they said.
“The combination with Monsanto represents the kind of revolutionary approach to agriculture that will be necessary to sustainably feed the world as we enable growers with a broad set of enhanced agricultural solutions,” said Werner Bauman, CEO of Bayer AG.
“We are creating a company that can offer integrated solutions from seeds and traits to crop protection to digital agriculture that helps farmers manage the increasing global food demand. Immediately, we will double our ability to offer a broader variety of seeds and traits and crop protection products and from the smart combination of products based on agronomic advice.”
Once the merger is completed, the combined companies will have about 10,000 employees working in research and development, said Liam Condon, head of Bayer’s Crop Science Division. The new company will have an annual R&D budget of about EUR $2.5 billion.
“I think you all know we have not developed any new herbicide chemistry in several years,” said Grant, referring to the absence of new herbicide registrations on the world market. “We’re hopeful this combination will enable us to move in new directions.”
“This is a deal that is clearly driven by both companies’ shared vision that innovation is key to farmers,” said Robb Fraley, executive vice president and chief technology officer at Monsanto. “What I’m excited about is the opportunity to combine chemistry with biotech at early stages creates an enormous amount of synergy.
Improve yields and profitability
“Being able to use the data science tools and position seed and make recommendations to farmers on the use of crop chemicals is important. We see incredible opportunity to bring innovation to growers so they can improve their yields and their profitability. In my mind, that’s really at the core of the deal and what makes it unique among some of the other business combinations.”
The merger still faces two hurdles: Approval by Monsanto shareholders at a meeting which could be scheduled in December or January of 2017 and review by U.S. and European regulatory authorities.
Baumann said the North American headquarters of the combined company will be located in St. Louis, but that the new concern will continue to have a number of assets in the Durham, N.C. area. (Bayer’s U.S. operations are currently headquartered in Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
Anticipating the scrutiny the merger may bring from the Justice Department’s Antitrust Division, officials reiterated the need for more efforts aimed at “bridging the gap between world food productivity and a population that is expected to grow by 3 billion by 2050.
“The agriculture industry is at the heart of one of the greatest challenges of our time: how to feed an additional 3 billion people in the world by 2050 in an environmentally sustainable way,” said Condon. “It has been both companies’ belief that this challenge requires a new approach that more systematically integrates expertise across Seeds, Traits and Crop Protection including Biologicals with a deep commitment to innovation and sustainable agriculture practices.”
“We are entering a new era in agriculture - one with significant challenges that demand new, sustainable solutions and technologies to enable growers to produce more with less. This combination with Bayer will deliver just that - an innovation engine that pairs Bayer’s crop protection portfolio with our world-class seeds and traits and digital agriculture tools to help growers overcome the obstacles of tomorrow,” said Grant.
For more information on the announcement, visit http://www.advancingtogether.com.
Laws is on the Farm Press editorial staff.