Delegates at the meeting of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in Bangkok, Thailand, warn that governments need to take action quickly to ease the consequences of global warming.
Scientists and diplomats at the meeting will spend the week finalizing a report on what actions governments can take to curb greenhouse gas emissions. Pending amendments from dozens of governments, the draft report calls on the world to cut emissions by shifting away from carbon-heavy fuels like coal and oil, promote and invest in energy efficiency, and enact reforms in the agriculture sector.
Agriculture can help to mitigate emissions by providing biofuels as an alternative to carbon-heavy fuels, and through emissions-conscious land use and carbon sequestration practices such as no-till.
The previous two IPCC reports this year have warned of global temperatures rising as much as 10 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of the century. IPCC has reported that even a 3.5 degree increase could subject 2 billion people to water shortages and threaten extinction for 20 to 30% of the world's species.