The overall quality of the United States’ 2015 sorghum crop as it is prepared for shipment is very good, with 98% grading No. 2 or better, according to the U.S. Grains Council’s (USGC’s) newly released 2015/2016 Sorghum Harvest and Export Quality Report.
“During the last marketing year, the United States was the top exporter of sorghum, accounting for almost 75 percent of sales,” said USGC Chairman Alan Tiemann, who farms in Nebraska. “Our new report indicates that sorghum being shipped overseas from this year’s crop should be of the high quality that our customers demand, which is excellent for the buyer and the farmer.”
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Characteristics of sorghum entering marketing channels
According to the harvest quality section of the report, U.S. sorghum samples taken when entering marketing channels had the following key characteristics:
-Average test weight of 58.9 pounds per bushel (75.9 kilograms per hectoliter), with 97% of the samples within the range for U.S. No. 2 grade.
-Low levels of broken kernels and foreign material (BNFM), with 91% of the samples within the range for U.S. No. 1 grade.
-Average foreign material of 0.6%, which is within the range for U.S. No. 1 grade, indicating little cleaning will be required.
-Low levels of total damage, with 99% within the range for U.S. No. 1 grade.
-No observed heat damage, which was expected for farm-originated samples.
-Average moisture at the elevator of 14.1%, which is near optimum for harvest moisture.
Characteristics of sorghum being loaded for overseas
According to the export cargo section of the report, U.S. sorghum samples at the point of being loaded for overseas had the following key characteristics:
-An average test weight of 59.0 pounds per bushel (76.0 kilograms per hectoliter), with 100% of the samples within the range for U.S. No. 2 grade.
-Low levels of broken kernels and foreign material (BNFM), with 96.2% within the range for U.S. No. 1 grade.
-Average foreign material of 0.9%, with 98.3% within the range for U.S. No. 1 grade.
-Low levels of total damage, with 99.5% within the range for U.S. No. 1 grade.
All samples collected tested below the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) action level of 20 parts per billion for mycotoxins and FDA advisory levels for DON.
The harvest and export cargo quality report will be rolled-out to international customers in conferences, seminars and one-on-one consultations in the coming months.
The harvest information is based on 207 commodity grain sorghum samples taken from inbound elevators in defined areas within nine of the top sorghum-producing and exporting states.
The export cargo information is based on 182 commodity grain sorghum samples taken from export shipments as they underwent federal inspection and grading processes performed by the USDA’s Federal Grain Inspection Service (FGIS).
Source: U.S. Grains Council