The U.S. corn harvest advanced to 24% as of Sunday and soybean harvest went to 40%, but both were quite a ways behind the five-year averages of 43% and 53%, the USDA Crop Progress and Condition report indicated Tuesday.
Crop development and harvest have been delayed by a cool summer and fall rains.
Year-ago numbers on all crops were not available because a lapse in federal funding then prompted the suspension of 2013 crop progress reports for the weeks ending Oct. 6 and Oct. 13.
The corn rating was unchanged from a week ago at 74% good to excellent and soybeans stayed at 73%.
In Iowa, the top corn and soybean producer, corn harvest was 10% versus 39% average and soybeans were at 39% harvested versus the 65% average.
Winter wheat 68% planted
Winter wheat planting was at 68% as of Sunday versus the 67% average and 43% emerged versus the 37% average. Kansas, the largest wheat producer, was at 67% planted and 42% emerged versus the respective averages of 73% and 40%.
The Kansas state report said showers of an inch or more fell over much of the state. While the rain delayed harvest of fall crops and wheat planting it improved topsoil moisture to 9% surplus, 66% adequate, 20% short and 5% very short from the previous week's3%, 63%, 26%, and 8%.
USDA discontinued for the season spring wheat harvest updates.
Cotton: 22% harvested, 77% had bolls open
The cotton harvest at 22% was slightly behind the 24% five-year average. Bolls were open on 77% of the crop, compared with the 85% average. Crop condition stayed at 47% good to excellent.
Sorghum was 41% harvested and 77% mature, versus the respective averages of 44% and 74%. It was unchanged at 57% good to excellent.
Rice was 82% harvested compared with the 78% average.
View the complete USDA crop progress and condition report.