Corn's national condition was unchanged at 68% good to excellent in Monday's USDA update as 1 point improvements in Iowa and Indiana were offset in part by declines in Kansas and Missouri.
The first national corn harvest update of the season was at 5%, up 1 point from a year ago but down 4 from the five-year average.
The soybean rating dropped 2 points to 61% good the excellent, with small declines noted in Indiana, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota. Nationwide, 35% of the soybeans were dropping leaves, versus 22% a year ago and the 31% average.
Spring wheat harvest reached 97% versus the 86% average. Top producer North Dakota was at 97% versus the 83% average.
Winter wheat planting was at 9%, down 2 points from a year ago but matched the five-year average. Kansas was at 5% to match last year and the average.
In Iowa, corn improved 1 point at 80% good/excellent, while Missouri dropped 2 points to 49%. Despite the improvement, the Iowa report said "there were continued reports of disease pressure."
The Missouri state report did not address the lower corn rating, but said harvest continued although it was slowed by rain. The harvest there, as of Sunday, was 14% done versus 11% last year and the 26% average.
Indiana said cool weather reduced plant stress in the central and northern areas, while hot and dry weather remained in the South. The state's corn improved 1 point to 47% good/excellent.
"Disease pressure from southern rust, grey leaf spot, and diplodia ear rot remains high in late planted corn, but the earlier crop seems to be in better condition," Indiana said.
Indiana said there were concerns about poor pod development in soybeans as "farmers begin to harvest." Indiana's soybeans dropped 1 point to 46% good to excellent.
Illinois had 4.8 days for fieldwork as rain interrupted the corn harvest. Its corn stayed 55% good to excellent and soybeans stayed at 53%.
Nationally, sorghum was 22% harvested versus 28% a year ago and 26% average. The crop slipped 1 point to 67% good to excellent.
In cotton, 4% was harvested and 46% of the bolls were open versus 7% and 51% averages. The crop slipped 1 point to 52% good/excellent.