Corn emergence was 91% as of Sunday, one point ahead of both last year and the five-year average, and the crop was rated 74% good to excellent, unchanged from a week ago, the latest USDA weekly crop progress report showed on Monday.
Soybean planting advanced to 79%, compared with 86% a year ago and the 81% average, and the 64% that was emerged was rated 69% good to excellent. The emergence was behind last year's 68% but ahead of the 63% average.
In top corn producer Iowa, 96% of the corn was emerged and improved to 82% good to excellent from 80% a week ago. Illinois corn slipped to 78% good to excellent from last week's 79% and Indiana slipped to 75% from 79%.
USDA discontinued corn planting progress for the season.
Winter wheat's rating slipped slightly to 43% good/excellent from 44%, while the season's first harvest progress came in at 4%, down from 8% last year and the 12% average. The Texas harvest was at 20%, behind 28% a year ago the 30% average, while Kansas reported no harvest versus none a year ago and the 8% average.
The Texas report confirmed industry comments of crop damage from rain.
"Wheat and oat harvest continued in earnest as fields began to dry down in most areas. However, both crops suffered damage in areas of the Cross Timbers due to excess moisture," it said.
The Texas crop was rated 40% good to excellent, 32% fair, and 18%.poor to very poor. Kansas wheat was rated 30% good to excellent.
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The Kansas report said rain was mostly in the north, with up to six inches in the northeast and some corn may have to be replanted in flood areas.
Spring wheat emergence was 97% from 78% a year ago and the 80% average. Top producer North Dakota was 96% emerged, well ahead of 67% a year ago and 71% average.
Spring wheat was rated 69% good to excellent, down from 71% a week earlier. North Dakota came it at 76%.
Sorghum was 56% planted, compared with 65% a year ago and the 68% average.
Cotton was 81% planted and 7% squared versus the averages of 89% and 10%. It was rated 50% good/excellent, unchanged from a year ago.
Topsoil moisture was largely adequate to surplus from North Dakota to Texas and throughout the Midwest.
Download additional charts on the first page of this story.
Latest USDA crop progress and condition reports:
June 1 USDA crop progress report: Corn at 74% good/excellent
May 26 USDA crop progress report: U.S. corn at 74% good/excellent
May 18 USDA crop progress report: U.S. corn planting at 85%