Update: See the May 11, 2015, USDA crop progress and condition report recap
Farmers took advantage of last week's clear weather to sow crops and by week's end had 55% of the corn planted, a big jump from 19% the previous week and well ahead of the 38% five-year average, this week's USDA weekly crop progress report showed.
Soybean planting advanced to 13%, up from 2% last week, 5% a year ago and the 9% average, the crop progress and condition report said.
The 55% for corn was at the high end of trade forecasts. In top corn producer Iowa, planting surged to 68% from last week's 14%. The number was well ahead of last year's 22% and the five-year average of 39%. Numbers were similar in Illinois and Nebraska, which posted 69% and 57%, also well ahead of last year and the averages.
Wet fields delayed the start of corn planting in Indiana, but farmers are making swift progress, with 21% planted as of Sunday, up from 3% a week ago. The average is 35%.
Corn was 9% emerged nationally, versus 6% a year ago and the 12% average.
In Iowa, Illinois and Indiana soybean planting reached 11%, 12%, and 4% respectively, after none of them showed planting last week. Iowa and Illinois were ahead of the averages, while Indiana trailed.
Wheat conditions on page 2 >>
The winter wheat rating rose 1 percentage point to 43% good/excellent. The Kansas rating improved slightly to 27% good to excellent from 26%.
Teams of crop scouts will be traveling through Kansas this week inspecting the wheat crop and will assess yield potential at the tour's conclusion on Thursday.
Spring wheat planting advanced to 75%, up from 25% a year ago and the 40% five-year average. The 75% was a little less than what some in the trade had forecast. Top producer North Dakota was 65%, well ahead of 5% a year ago and the 27% five-year average.
Spring wheat was 30% emerged, compared with 7% a year ago and the 16% average.
Topsoil moisture was plentiful in the Midwest and Plains wheat states. Iowa was 89% adequate to surplus and Illinois 90%. Kansas slipped 1 point to 62%, Nebraska slipped to 64% from 68%, Oklahoma went to 69% from 66% and Texas to 78% from 73%. North Dakota registered 61% from last week's 67%.
Sorghum was 29% planted, up slightly from 28% a year ago and the 28% average. Cotton was 17% planted, to lead last year's 16% but trailed the 22% average.
Latest USDA crop progress and condition reports:
April 13 USDA crop progress report: Winter wheat slips again
April 20 USDA crop progress report: U.S. corn planting at 9%
April 27 USDA crop progress report: U.S. corn planting at 19%
Download full Farm Futures crop condition and moisture graphics on the first page of this story.